ValentianismThe teachings of Valentinus, the best known and
most influential of the Gnostic heretics. He was trained in Hellenistic science
in Alexandria. Like many other heretical teachers he went to Rome the better,
perhaps to disseminate his views. He arrived there during the pontificate of
Hyginus and remained until the pontificate of Anicetus. During a sojourn of
perhaps fifteen years, though he had in the beginning allied himself with the
orthodox community in Rome, he was guilty of attempting to establish his
heretical system. His errors led to his excommunication, after which he
repaired to Cyprus where he resumed his activities as a teacher and where he
died probably about 160 or 161. Valentinus professed to have derived his ideas
from Theodas or Theudas, a disciple of St. Paul, but his system is obviously an
attempt to amalgamate Greek and Oriental speculations of the most fantastic
kind with Christian ideas. He was especially indebted to Plato. From him was
derived the parallel between the ideal world (the pleroma) and the lower world
of phenomena (the kenoma). Valentinus drew freely on some books of the New
Testament, but used a strange system of interpretation by which the sacred
authors were made responsible for his own cosmological and pantheistic views.
In working out his system he was thoroughly dominated by dualistic fancies.
Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume 15: Tournely-Zwirner
Vulgate, LatinThe translation of the Bible by
Jerome (342-430) from Greek and
Hebrew originals into the common Latin of the day. Jerome worked on this
translation in Bethlehem from 384-406, almost 25 years. All Roman Catholic
Bibles are translated from the Latin Vulgate, the official text of that church.
The Gutenberg Bible of 1456, the first book ever printed on a printing press,
was a printing of the Vulgate.
Source: The Compact Dictionary of
Doctrinal Words by Terry L. Miethe